Kids' obesity risk increased by short sleep and breathing problems
Two modifiable sleep disorders, chronic sleep loss and sleep-related breathing problems, double the risk of a child being obese by the age of 15, according to a new study.
Hyponatremia Risk Higher With Hypotonic Fluid
Children who need maintenance hydration are less likely to develop hyponatremia with isotonic fluid than with hypotonic fluid, a new trial has shown.
Guidelines Developed for Use of Adjunct Tx in Atopic Dermatitis
Adjunctive and complementary approaches include education, dietary interventions, Chinese medicine
FDA Approves Cervical Cancer Vaccine That Covers More HPV Strains
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Wednesday approved a new vaccine with expanded protection against the human papillomavirus (HPV), by far the leading cause of cervical and certain other cancers.
This Year's Influenza Strain Is Tougher on Kids Than Previous Strains
Data from one area show jumps in pediatric hospitalizations and ED visits during years when influenza A(H3N2) rather than other strains was predominant.
Clinical Rules to Decide Who Needs Rapid Antigen Testing for Strep Throat Not Accurate
Clinical rules to decide which children with pharyngitis need rapid antigen testing for group A streptococcal infection are not accurate enough to rely on.
HPV vaccination not linked with risky sexual behavior among teenage girls
Sexual behavior of teenage girls does not appear to be affected by routine human papilloma virus vaccination, according to a large study published in CMAJ.
Exotropia: Patching, Observation Both Effective
Children aged 3 to 10 years with intermittent exotropia saw little deterioration in their condition after 6 months, whether treated with part-time patching or observation.
A Brain Death Dilemma: When Apnea Testing Isn't Possible
Apnea testing, required in guidelines to establish brain death in a child, isn't always possible, and the requirement should be reevaluated, say the authors of a perspective article.
Intranasal ketamine, fentanyl equally effective against pain in kids
A new trial of intranasal ketamine versus fentanyl found that the two provide similar pain relief in children with moderate to severe pain from limb injuries.
RSV Mortality in Healthy Infants Lower Than Prior Estimates
Infants with life-threatening or complex, chronic conditions are the most vulnerable to RSV-associated death, according to a new study.
Antibiotic Stewardship Programs in Children's Hospitals Effective
Formalized programs cut antibiotic use, with reductions seen in eight of nine hospitals with ASPs
New Eating Disorder Guidelines Released
The first eating disorder guidelines to incorporate the latest recommendations from the DSM-5, including the new disorder of avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), have been released.
Benefits of Newborn Hearing Tests Last Into Teen Years
Teenagers whose hearing loss was detected very early in infancy had better reading comprehension than their hearing-impaired peers who were diagnosed later, according to a new study.
Interdisciplinary Care Can Cut Costs in Peds Aerodigestive Care
Reduction in costs, and fewer anesthesia episodes for patients in Pediatric Aerodigestive Center
When can pediatric patients with tracheostomy have elective decannulation?
Children with tracheostomy who are asymptomatic during capping can safely undergo decannulation, and 24 asymptomatic hours of observation afterwards should be adequate.
NIH researchers link chromosome region to gigantism
Duplication of gene on X chromosome appears to cause excessive growth
Preterm children at high risk of flu-related complications, study finds
A new study finds that children born prematurely are twice as likely to be hospitalized for flu-related complications than children without underlying medical conditions.
Nomogram establishes expected weight loss for breastfed newborns
A new nomogram establishes expected early weight loss ranges for exclusively breastfed newborns, researchers say.
'Measuring Thoughts' Accurately Detects Autism
The first biologically based diagnostic tool that measures a person's thoughts can detect autism with 97% accuracy.
Many Kids Exposed to Unneeded X-Rays, Study Finds
Many American children receive unnecessary chest X-rays, a new study indicates.
Bruises on a Breastfed Baby May Be Self-Inflicted 'Hickeys,' Not a Sign of Abuse
Breastfed babies may sometimes suck on their own arms to the point of bruising themselves and the injuries should not be confused with signs of child abuse, according to a new case report.
Teaching dads about breastfeeding may help moms stick to it
When new dads were involved in a breastfeeding support program at the hospital, new moms were more likely to still be breastfeeding three months later, a new study showed.
CDC: Circumcision Benefits Outweigh Risks
In first federal guidelines on circumcision, the benefits are said to outweigh the risks.
Children with Crohn's Disease Can Switch From Sub-Q to Oral Methotrexate
Children with Crohn's disease (CD) should begin methotrexate treatment subcutaneously, and those in complete remission can switch to oral MTX while being closely followed for inflammatory markers and growth.
Limited Evidence Suggests Frenotomy Benefit for Tongue-Tie
Careful assessment and selection is important in determining whether infants with ankyloglossia need to undergo frenotomy, the authors of a new review conclude.
Parenting a major factor in falls at home for children
A new study reports that the parents of children who fell from furniture at home are less likely to implement safety measures such as safety gates or rules about climbing at home.
Nearly 55 percent of U.S. infants sleep with potentially unsafe bedding
NIH, CDC study shows unsafe infant bedding use still common, despite warnings
Breast-fed Newborns: How Much Weight Loss Is Normal?
Exclusively breast-fed newborns typically lost as much as 10% or more of their birth weight before beginning to gain again in the first days after birth.
Pediatricians Should Disclose Errors to Patients, Parents
Case study used to illustrate importance of disclosing errors, building trust with parents
Toy-related injuries in US increase by 40%
A new study finds that between 1990-2011, the rate of toy-related injuries in children rose by 40% in the US, with foot-powered scooters to blame for most of this increase.